Stellenbosch is a town in the Western Cape province of South Africa, about 50 kilometres from Cape Town, along the banks of the Eerste River at the foot of the Stellenbosch Mountain established by Dutch emigrants and possibly the most famous wine region in South Africa with nearly 18% of the county’s wine production happening here.
Stellenbosch climate is moderately hot and dry with maritime influence coming from False Bay in the south and very important cooling south-easterly breezes which are blowing through the vineyards refreshing the grapes after the morning's hot sun. The soil types are ranging from light, sandy soils to decomposed granite, creating several sub-regions.
Stellenbosch is known for producing Bordeaux style wines, with Cabernet Sauvignon the most planted grape variety followed by merlot, and it was also the birth place of the native variety Pinotage, a varietal cross of Pinot Noir and Cinsaut, created in 1924.
In 1973, South Africa developed their own wine classification system, Wine of Origin, and Stellenbosch was not only recognised as one of the area, but it was actually divided in many sub regions because of its varied terroir.
The region is the birthplace of the indigenous grape variety Pinotage a crossing of Pinot Noir and Cinsaut which is the signature grape of the nation. The white grape which thrives here is the Chenin Blanc called Steen locally producing some of the most notable expressions of the grape in sweet, dry and sparkling styles. Of course, there are international varieties like Merlot, Syrah, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Cinsault, Pinot Noir and Sémillon producing spectacular wines.