There are over 10,000 varieties of grape varieties, red and white, number that keep increasing due to new grapes obtained through grafting and other methods to adapt them to a different “terroir”, a French word that indicates an area with unique climate and soil caractheristics. The terroir is like a stamp, the terroir is what makes the same grape producing different, sometime very, wines.
If, until a few years ago there was a clear distinction between native and international grapes, nowadays, this distinction is becoming more and more subtle due to native grapes being “planted” all around the world. Sometime a grape could be native in a certain area but considered international in a different country. Examples of native grapes are Nebbiolo or Lacrima di Morro d’Alba.
International grapes on the other side, are those that are found all over the world thanks to their versatility and adaptability. These grape varieties produce wines that possess the grape's characteristics plus the “terroir”. Classic examples of international grapes are Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.
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