The South West or Sud-Ouest region of France is quite big, and it includes all wine-growing areas in the southwestern part of the country except Bordeaux and Cognac. The soil types, climates and landscape in the region vary greatly, as the wines. The Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea have a big influence, and when you go further inland the climate becomes more continental.
The region has always been overshadowed by Bordeaux which is specializing in selected few grapes, unlike the South West where you can explore and discover new varieties. The region has 42 appellations and the most notable are - Bergerac, where the wines are made of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon, because of the proximity with Bordeaux, and are found very fine examples. The sweet Monbazillac is to be matched with the wines of Sauternes. Another famous region is Cahors near the Lot River, which shines with powerful and dense red wines made from blending of Auxerrois also known as Malbec, Tannat and Merlot. The historic region of Gaillac produces white and red wines from indigenous grapes like the red Fer Servadou, which is blended often with Merlot and the rare whites, which the region is famous for Len de l'El, Mauzac and Muscadelle. Another emblematic appellation is Madiran, where the red Tannat grape is dominant and loved for its high tannin content, complexity and great ageing capabilities. The next region in the corner of France is called Jurançon, praised for its dry white and dessert wines made mainly from two grapes named Petit Manseng and Gros Manseng. And the last Irouléguy region, which surprises with a light white, rosé and red wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Tannat and Gros and Petit Manseng. There are many more sub-regions which boosts really interesting wines.