Romania is one of the world's largest wine producers, fifth largest European wine producing country, and has one of the oldest wine making tradition, dating back to before the Romans, viticulture has been practiced for over 6000 years.
The Romanian climate is continental with hot and dry summers and cold winters with the Black Sea region being one of the best for climate conditions. Native grapes have always prospered in Romania but following the Phylloxera towards the end of the 19th century, these were replaced with more popular ones. Nowadays, Romania grapes are a mix of International and native grapes, from Sauvignon to Chardonnay, from Cabernet Sauvignon to Pinot Noir and native grapes such as Frâncuşă, Fetească Albă, and Tămâioasă for whites, Fetească Neagră, and Băbească for reds.
Romania has its own quality control labeling standards:: Vin de Masa (table wine), Vin cu Indicatie Geografica (IGP), and Denumire de Origine Controlata (akin to AOC, DOC, etc).
Romania joined the European Union in 2007 and as a condition for their participation, they have reviewed and reorganised their wine legislation and Romania has now its own wine appellation system and quality control that divide Romanian wines into 3 categories, Vin de Masa (Table Wine) Vin cu Indicatie Geografica (IGP) and Denumire de Origine Controlata (AOP/DOC equivalent).
The main wine producing regions are Transylvania, Moldova, Muntenia and Oltenia, Banat, Crisana and Maramures, Dobrogea (which includes Murfatlar, famous for its sweet wines), Danube Terraces and