Moldova is an old wine-producing country located just north of Romania in the Black Sea basin, where the vine originates.
The wine history of the country is very rich with numerous archaeological finds, such as amphorae and grape seeds which are proving that viticulture has been practiced there for over 5,000 years.
Moldova is a small country which has significant wine production, and it ranks among the best Eastern European wine-growing countries. It is home as well to the largest wine cellar in the world in the Guinness Book of Records in 2005 with around 200 kilometers of tunnels dug into the limestone. The climate of Moldova is continental with cold winters and warm summers influenced by the Black Sea in the southern coastal parts of the country. The topography consists of low in altitude rolling hills around 300 meters above sea level.
The country produces notable white, sparkling and fortified wines and red wines in Bordeaux style. The most planted grapes in Moldova are the Fetească Albă, Fetească Regala, Fetească Neagră, Rara Neagră, Plavai, Saperavi, Viorica and Rkatsiteli, as well as the international grapes which are a trend in the country including Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Pinot Noir.
Moldova has three wine-growing regions Valul lui Traian in the south-west, Stefan Voda south-east and Codru in the central part of the land. In the last decade, the country is undertaking a vast renaissance of its wine industry, giving birth to notable wines, which are already much appreciated on the international markets. Since the Association agreement with the EU in 2013, its export has been increasing steadily. The government is leading a great marketing campaign to promote Moldavian wines abroad.