Attica is a large wine-growing region with great historical significance in Central Greece region of the country, home of Athens as well. The area is one of the oldest in the country as the first tribes have been settled there around the 2000 BC and with them the viticulture of Attica. The region is famous with arguably the most popular wine of Greece, the strongly resinous Retsina wine. Traditionally the wine is made from the Savatiano grape variety and to a lesser degree the Roditis grape. The region has a hot and very dry Mediterranean climate with very low rainfall in the summer. The grapes ripen quickly due to the high sunshine hours and the high temperatures, which makes the retention of the acidity very difficult. Attica has predominantly sandy and gravelly soils with low natural fertility providing a well-drained base for the vineyards. Other native grapes which are planted here are Assyrtiko and Malagousia, and the international Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon. Attica has always been surrounded by myths and legends related to the God of wine Dionysus. One of the legends says that God Dionysus himself introduced the viticulture to the Attikans. The region is a source of many bulk wines which are base for the production of the Retsina wine and small part of the small producers are struggling to find recognition for their splendid wines.