Georgia is one of the world's oldest winemaking countries and is a land where wine has been made for at least 8,000 years. The modern archaeology today has provided evidence that viticulture was very important from the earliest times and was an integral part of Georgian culture and heritage.
The country is located south of Russia, where Eastern Europe meets Western Asia in the Caucasus region. Georgia is well known for its white grape Rkatsiteli and red grape variety Saperavi together with the ancient method of fermenting and maturing its wines in large clay pots called in Georgian "Kvevri". These ancient amphorae were buried in the ground outside or set into a cellar floor for temperature consistency, giving very unique wines. Georgia finds itself under the wind-protecting influence of the towering Caucasus Mountains. There are ideal climatic conditions for viticulture and has a great variety of soils. The country's climate ranges from temperate to subtropical with five distinctive wine-growing regions. The most important of them are including Kakheti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kartli.
Georgia is famous above all for its red wines made from Saperavi and Aleksandrouli grape varieties, making some fine dry and fortified wines. The white grapes are led by the Rkatsiteli, Tsolikouri and Tsitska, which are giving birth to very good sparkling wines, sweet wines and distillates.
Despite the major setback due to the anti-alcohol campaign under Mikhail Gorbachev's ruling, nowadays the country has overcome the difficulties and become a wine region trend with its well-made and unique wines all over the world.