Corsica is an island in the Mediterranean sea, positioned between France and Italy and very near to the other famous wine-producing island Sardinia. The island of Corsica is the most mountainous in the Mediterranean archipelago. Corsica's climate is Mediterranean and sub-tropical with higher sunshine levels than any part of mainland France and the growing season here is perfect for high-output viticulture. During its history, it was once part of Italy, but since 1768 is French and that has determined the strong relation with Italian wine and culture.
The Vermentino and the Sangiovese were introduced by the Italians respectively known as Rolle and Nielluccio. The grape varieties vary greatly because of French, Spanish and Italian influences, as Pinot Noir, Tempranillo, Barbarossa, Grenache, Carignan, Cinsault and many more. Corsica has nine wine regions and the most notable from the west side of the island are Ajaccio, Patrimonio and Calvi. The first one is famous for medium-bodied, spicy reds and roses which are coming from the highest elevated vineyards in Corsica and made predominantly from Sciaccarello, Barbarossa and Nielluccio, the second region prominent for its Vermentino and the mountainous region of Calvi offers excellent red and white from Barbarossa, Carignan, Grenache, Vermentino and Ugni Blanc. From the east side of the island, the leading region is called Porto-Vecchio, where red, white and rosé wines are produced but the reds are predominant with the classical grapes for Corsica - Aleatico, Barbarossa, Nielluccio, Vermentino and Ugni Blanc.