Alentejo is a well-known wine region located between the capital Lisbon in the north, the border with Spain in the east, the Algarve area in the south and the Atlantic Ocean in the west. It is one of the oldest region dating back to the Phoenicians long before the turn of the century and after them the Romans, which have brought their knowledge of viticulture and vines with them. Alentejo is famous for its red wines made from Aragonez (Tempranillo in Spain), Alfrocheiro and Trincadeira in very powerful and robust styles capable of long maturation and development in the bottle. The region is one of the main sources for cork in the world with more than half of the production worldwide. The climate is a hot, dry and relatively rain-free with summer temperatures of up to 40 °C, artificial irrigation is sometimes required. The terroir is very diverse due to the size, the topography and the Atlantic Ocean which has cooling effects. Alentejo has eight sub-areas including Vidigueira, Évora, Granja-Amareleja, Moura, Portalegre, Redondo, Reguengos and Borba. For the past decades, the region has been the centre of Portugal's wine renaissance and offers one of the best value for money Old World wine.