The Pallagrello nero black grape is one of the authochthonal grape varieties that is becoming the protagonist of the wine renaissance in Campania. The vine is a native of Caserta, with two varieties: one white and one black, with small bunch and berries perfectly spherical, hence the name Pallagrello, ie small ball, in the local dialect “U Pallarel”. Its origin dates back presumably to the ancient Greece, the Greeks settlers were later replaced by the Romans, and in the Ancient Rome period the grape was known by the name of “Pilleolata”.
Pallagrello nero has long been considered as a synonym of “Coda di volpe nera “ (Black fox tail), until in the 9th century some scholars had recognized that those were two distinct varieties. Very productive, very delicate, the vine Pallagrello black is present, in a diffuse way, only in the province of Caserta and mainly in the wine growing municipalities Caiatino - Matesino (Ailano, Alife, Alvignano, Caiazzo, Caserta, Castel Campagnano, Castel di Sasso, Castel Morrone, Dragone, Fonte Greca, Formicola, Gioia Sannitica, Liberi, Piana di Monte Verna, Piedimente Matese, Pontelatone, Prata Sannitica, Pratella, Raviscanina, Ruviano, San Potito Sannitico, S. Angelo d'Alife) where it is a recommended grape and where it gives origin to wine production of strong and growing interest.
Its berry color is black, small sized and of round shape with waxy, dark blue skin, covered with lenticels, with apparent and protruding navel. The bunch is medium long, cylindrical, often winged, compact.
The vine black Pallagrello gives an intense ruby colored wine. The fragrance presents notes of red fruits, tobacco, and blackberry jam, with a balanced, velvety softly taste.