Pomerol is an ancient and well-respected small appellation in the Bordeaux wine region of France. The name of Pomerol comes from the Latin "pomerium" (orchard), where the Romans already cultivated wine in that area. The wines of Pomerol are one of the most sought after wines in the world and it is home to the most elite Merlot-based wines. Surprisingly it has no classification or official ranking yet it is considered to one of the best and the producers like Château Petrus and Le Pin are fetching prices higher than the neighbouring appellation of Saint-Emilion such as Château Ausone and Château Cheval Blanc. Pomerol has exceptional soil type consisting of sand-gravel soil with middle layers of clay and an underlayer of iron-bearing iron mineral stones, known as "crasse de fer" (iron slag). It is the land of the Merlot grape variety which is grown on around 90% of the vineyard area, with other variety being Cabernet Franc. The wines characteristics are wines with extraordinary complexity and power and yet velvety, long storable, which mature for more than two years in usually 100% new oak barrels. The most prominent of the Pomerol Châteaux are located to the east on the 'plateau of Pomerol', where the wines are created both by the exceptional quality and by their rarity, because of the small size of the vineyards and even smaller production. The wines of Pomerol are bliss to be enjoyed if you can find and afford them.