Gevrey-Chambertin is a large historical village and appellation located in the northern part of the Côte de Nuits sub-region in Burgundy. The appellation is mostly known for its red wines from Pinot Noir which have reached stellar status and are some of the most expensive and sought after wines in the world. Originally the name of the village was Gevrey, until 1847 when was added the name of the most prestigious vineyard Le Chambertin, which is one of the Grand Cru sites. The viticultural history of the largest wine-producing village in Burgundy’s Côte d'Or dates back to Roman Times, but it becomes famous in the 18th century being one of the favourite wines of Napoleon Bonaparte. That is the reason it is called "King of wines, wine of kings".
Gevrey-Chambertin was awarded its Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée (AOC) status in 1936. The total area under vine of the appellation is 408 hectares including 80 hectares of Premier Cru status, and 55 hectares divided between nine Grand Cru sites. These include the highly regarded Le Chambertin, Chambertin-Clos de Bèze, Charmes-Chambertin, as well as Mazoyères-Chambertin, Chapelle-Chambertin, Griotte-Chambertin, Latricières-Chambertin, Mazis-Chambertin and Ruchottes-Chambertin. The Premier Cru vineyards with an outstanding quality planted on south-east facing slopes above the town are Les Cazetiers and Clos St Jacques. Overall the quality is very high, and even the entry-level village wine from Gevrey-Chambertin can be superb.
The climate is continental with warm summers and long cold winters. Mainly the topography and geology are making the Gevrey-Chambertin wines complex and long-living. The higher elevated vineyards between 280 and 380 metres have brown limestone soils, and the ones at the foothills have more brown calcic or limey soils. There are marls covered with screes, and red silt rich in iron washed down from the plateau. All these mixtures give elegance and delicacy on the wine. The clayey marls contain rich deposits of fossil shell-fish which adds body and firmness. The vineyard exposures vary from east to south-east.
The style of the Pinot Noir from Gevrey-Chambertin is considered to be one of the richest and most structured in the world. In their youth, the colour is bright ruby, and when they mature is turning to deep carmine or dark cerise with age. Often they have aromas of strawberry, mulberry, violet, mignonette, and rose. With time, they are transforming in liquorices, leather and fur with game notes and hints of underbrush. The taste is impressive with firm structure, velvety tannins and delicate texture. They are great red Burgundy wines, which are full-bodied, powerful, rich and meaty with both body and spirit.