Franciacorta is an Italian sparkling wine produced in the province of Brescia, Lombardy, from grapes grown in the Franciacorta areas, between the lake Iseo and the city of Brescia, that has been granted DOCG status in 1995.
The grape grown in the area and permitted in the wine are Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco, Pinot Noir and from 2019, Erbamat, a native white grape that is characterised by a late ripening and high acidity, that has been introduced to fight the effect of climate change.
The Franciacorta wine is made using the traditional or classic method, the same as for Champagne, with the secondary fermentation taking place in the bottle. Contrastingly, Prosecco is made using the Charmat or Marinotti method, where the secondary fermentation takes place in stainless steel tanks before bottling.
Franciacorta can be NV, Vintage or Millesimato, when all grapes are from a specific vintage, Rosé with at least 35% of Pinot nero, Satèn is the equivalent of the Blanc de blanc with only the use of Chardonnay and Pinot bianco permitted, with at least 50% of Chardonnay, and a maximum pressure of 5 bars and and Riserva.
For the wine to be called Franciacorta, it has to be aged on its lees for a minimum of:
"Franciacorta" 18 months;
"Franciacorta" Rosé 24 months;
"Franciacorta" Satèn 24 months;
"Franciacorta" millesimato, "Franciacorta" Rosé millesimato "Franciacorta" Satèn millesimato 30 months;
"Franciacorta" riserva, "Franciacorta" Rosé riserva, "Franciacorta" Satèn riserva 60 months.