Châteauneuf du Pape is the largest and most important appellation in the southern Rhône, it produces more wine than the whole of the northern Rhône combined and derives its name from when the Pope moved to Avignon in 1309; Chateauneuf du Pape translates as “The Pope’s New Castle.”
In 1936, the Chateauneuf du Pape appellation was officially created and 18 different grape varieties are allowed to be planted and used in the wine, the appellation is spread over 5 communes with Chateauneuf du Pape the largest area.
Amongst the 18 grape varieties allowed, there are the Grenache, Syrah, Mourvedre, Picpoul, Terret Noir, Counoise, Muscardin, Vaccarese, Picardan, Cinsault, Clairette, Roussanne, Bourboulenc, Red Picpoul, White Grenache and White Picpoul with Grenache being the main grape and producing a myriad of styles. Chateauneuf du Pape production is mainly red, however, there is also a small white production.
The red Chateauneuf du Pape wines come in a wide variety of styles and therefore are very versatile with regard to food pairing. White Chateauneuf du Pape pairs with all types of fish.